The proposed study will show how NASA can lead us to becoming a space-fairing civilization with human activities in space “living off the land” in a self-sustaining way. This will inspire the public and show the relevance of NASA to the private sector economy in ways other exploration architectures cannot. In addition, this study will further the general understanding and technology of non-imaging optics, which is emerging as an important branch of alternative energy technology. Non-NASA applications of inflatable structures and solar thermal propulsion will benefit commercial space ventures, communications satellites, and defense. The modeling and simulation of asteroid composition, structure, distribution, and discoverability will have direct benefit to the planetary science community, to other on-going NASA missions studies, and to planetary protection work. Modeling the geophysics of optical mining will be useful and applicable to certain terrestrial mining technologies. Apis will “Change the Possible” so we can mine the asteroids and enable space industrialization.