The design and power-electronic control of individual aircraft energy system components is well understood today. Less consideration has been given to integrating these components into electric power systems that operate in adaptive conditions-driven ways to ensure fault-tolerance, stability and efficiency. The DYMONDS framework developed here directly addresses this systems-thinking need. It introduces a multi-layered interactive approach to nonlinear power-electronically-switched control of AC-DC and DC-AC converters so the desired power is provided in transiently stable ways in response to varying aircraft situations. The approach can be extended to controlling electric power systems for single vehicle and future multi-vehicle manned deep-space missions.
The non-NASA commercial applications primarily concern the operation of terrestrial electric power systems such as utility systems, 'smart• grids and micro-grids. The proposed DYMONDS framework enables a significantly new approach to the modeling and control of future electric power systems. These systems in particular will require the systematic integration of diverse energy storage and intermittent resources, which is directly addressed by the DYMONDS framework. For example, in parts of the Texas power grid today, wind power plants involving doubly-fed induction generators connected via a weak power-electronically controlled transmission line have experienced oscillations. Advanced digital control is required to prevent the oscillations, and such controls could be naturally developed within the DYMONDS framework. It is our belief that pursuing the modeling and control of complex NASA energy systems will contribute greatly to the process of modeling and controlling future terrestrial electric power systems. In this way the results of our Phase I project have the potential for major non-NASA impact as well.