Mg and Al bipropellant rockets are high performance, non-toxic alternatives to hydrazine and MMH bipropellants. Government and commercial satellites would use metal bipropellant thrusters for on-orbit operations including orbit-raising, station-keeping, and repositioning. Metal bipropellants could also be used in upper stages and as apogee engines. In a multi-mode in-space propulsion system, a Mg-water rocket could provide high thrust while a Mg Hall thruster could provide low thrust at high Isp. This system would be both fuel efficient and responsive. Atmospheric applications of Mg-water combustion technology could include HALE aircraft. Naval applications include: a water breathing, high speed rocket propelled torpedo: a low speed , long range, unmanned undersea vehicles; long duration sensor power. Other commercial applications include very dense and green chemical hydrogen sources for fuel cell applications. This application may be of particular interest to the automobile industry. This energetic, non-toxic, storable propellant technology can be used in-space, and to explore Mars, Phobos, the Moon, and NEOs. The target application is Martian Payload Ascent Vehicle (PAV) propulsion. This application benefits from near, mid, and far-term ISRU opportunities. In the near-term; the metal can be carried to Mars while the CO2 can be compressed from the atmosphere. In the mid-term, H20 can be extracted from the sub-surface or polar caps. In the far term, Mg and Al could be extracted from the soil using electrolysis. Alternately, spent Al or Mg spacecraft structures could be processed into fuel. Similar possibilities exist on the Moon and Phobos, both of which are believed to contain large reservoirs of water ice. Once on orbit, Mg based rockets or Hall thrusters could propel the samples back Earth. This non-toxic engine technology could also supplant MMH/NTO for in-space applications such as satellite propulsion and manned service modules.