NASA currently has the AAFEX program for evaluating fuels and combustion emissions. We have already participated in these tests and the availability of instruments with much higher sensitivity will serve to improve the measurement results from these studies. As regulations are imposed, means are required to determine compliance with these regulations. Our compact easy to use LII instruments will be very competitive in this market. Artium believes that this instrument could be used for enforcing EPA regulations on particulate emissions. The primary application for the integrated system is for characterizing the black carbon particulate emissions from gas turbine (jet) engines, vehicles (diesel and gasoline) and other combustion sources. Artium Technologies has already developed the LII instrument for black carbon measurements from gas turbine and other combustion sources. The enhanced capabilities that will be derived from this program will be extended to measuring much lower concentrations of BC particulate matter. In addition, extending the method to measure the mean volume diameter of the soot aggregates and their concentration will place us in a very competitive position. These capabilities are needed by engine manufacturers who are faced with ever more stringent emissions regulations.