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Transformative Aeronautics Concepts Program

Weather Intelligent Navigation Data and Models for Aviation Planning (WINDMAP)

Active Technology Project

Project Description

WINDMAP will develop technology to assimilate novel high resolution observations from autonomous advanced aerial mobility systems such as drones and urban air taxis into new hybrid models that will revolutionize aviation forecasting and improve aircraft operability and safety.

WINDMAP addresses the emerging needs in the aviation community of providing real-time weather forecasting to improve the safety of low altitude aircraft operations. This is accomplished through the integration of real-time observations from autonomous systems, such as drones and urban air taxis, with numerical weather prediction models and flight management and safety systems. To solve this problem, several technical challenges have been identified. These include (1) developing autonomous UAS capable of conducting observations accurately and reliably; (2) determining the number and frequency of required observations and the sensitivity of these observations in data sparse regions of the lower atmosphere; (3) assimilating dense observational data into models in real-time with sufficient resolution and accuracy; (4) developing novel physics-based reduced order models capable of incorporating diverse data sets; and (5) integrating real-time forecasting into UTM and DAA (detect-and-avoid) architectures for path planning and navigation. The goal of this proposed effort is to demonstrate the value of using small UAS to collect measurements of the dynamic and thermodynamic properties of the lower atmosphere at scales that match or exceed the spatio-temporal resolution of today’s best numerical weather prediction models.

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