The proposed integrated deicing system directly supports NASA's continued interest in researching the most effective means for aircraft icing detection, removal, and mitigation. Existing and next generation aircraft (including N+2/N+3 aircraft, as well as vertical lift and unmanned systems) will benefit from the technology as it will help enable all-weather operation, reduce weight and lower power consumption. Success in the proposed effort will advance the capabilities of the active de-icing systems. Apart from using the anti-ice coatings in conjunction with active de-icing systems, these coatings can also be used on the wings of unmanned aerial vehicles operated by NASA; radio telescopes and transmission/receiving dishes located in cold climates where icing can hamper the performance, rocket launch pads and microwave towers operated by NASA or its affiliates. The proposed program can also address the icing problem in both high altitude long endurance UAVs (HALE-UAV) and low altitude high speed UAVs (LAHS-UAV). Icing can occur on the wings of these UAVs during take-off/landing and ascent/descent, which can lead to an increase in drag and reduction in endurance and control, consequently jeopardizing the mission.
Other than aerospace, applications that can benefit from the use of anti-ice coatings, either as a standalone coating, or in combination with another active or passive de-icing device, include: (i) wind mills, where ice on the rotor blades can increase wind turbine load, as well as pose a safety hazard when chunks of ice can come loose and be propelled some distance from the turbine; (ii) communication towers, where, the presence of ice can be a safety hazard; (iii) transmission lines, where ice accumulation results in their snapping, and (iv) train cars, where the presence of ice can be a safety hazard.