An important aspect of the ISS air revitalization system for life support is the removal of carbon dioxide from cabin air and retrieves oxygen from CO2. The current state of art technology for CO2 reduction is Sabatier reaction, which is energy intensive and results in excess CO2.
The proposed electromethanogenesis BES could potentially replace the existing Sabatier reactor in Air Revitalization System with the benefit of higher CO2 removal efficiency and lower power draw. The proposed system might also find use in other CO2 sequestration applications. For example, combining photo-voltaic (PV) technology, the proposed BES could be applied to converting CO2 directly to natural gas in coal fired power plants which supply readily available CO2.