NASA applications are in systems requiring compact, efficient, reliable, moderate-energy, nanosecond-pulsed lasers. For planetary exploration, these applications are in LIBS/Raman/LIF systems used for planetary surface characterization and in lidar systems for atmospheric measurements of aerosol concentrations and distributions, as well as precision ranging for planetary surface mapping from satellites and other spacecraft, for entry descend and landing of space craft, for autonomous rendezvous of space craft. The laser we propose to develop is compact, efficient, rugged and reliable, making it ideal for planetary missions. When frequency upconverted to uv and deep-uv the laser can be used in variety other applications such as in the Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer in the ExoMars mission for elemental analysis using laser desorption. The Compact integrated instrument for Remote Spectroscopy Analysis (CiiRSA) has numerous NASA applications especially for mission that seek life in extraterrestrial. Compared with SuperCam a spectroscopy based elemental analysis instrument selected for Mars 2020, CiiRSA�s resolution is higher and has low size weight and power.
Commercial applications are in portable LIBS systems to replace the current bulky, inefficient, and less reliable lamp-pumped lasers now employed. LIBS, besides having numerous scientific applications in materials characterization, can also be used in industrial applications for process control through monitoring of exhaust streams, analysis of pharmaceuticals, profiling of metals, composition determinations of minerals in mining and detection of contamination in the environment. There are numerous applications for green lasers besides LIBS that require minimized SWaP. Green Illuminators with sufficiently high beam quality to enable long atmospheric transmission suffer from excess size and weight. The proposed laser would produce the required beam quality with a SWaP advantage of near factor 2. Green lasers can be use in the Non-Lethal Laser Dazzler field. Dazzlers, are most effective in green due to the eye�s high sensitivity in the green spectral region but also require the most careful spatial beam profile control to insure that both spatially and temporally, the laser energy never reaches or exceeds the damage threshold of the eye. Q-Peak�s advantage would be in having developed an extremely small, compact, simple, and rugged technology for generation of single mode laser pulse. This laser device will be much better suited for fieldable systems than present products both on SWaP, mode profile, and affordability considerations.