The low cost aerogel insulation will be applicable and beneficial to industries ranging from aerospace to automotive, medicine, food processing, chemical processing and appliances. Some specific applications are as follows: ¬ï Medical: Energy efficient storage of cryogens for medical use. ¬ï Food Processing: In poultry and seafood processing, use of LN2 is quite common for quick freezing and preservation. ¬ï Appliances: Refrigerators and freezers can use high performance aerogel insulation, either evacuated or unevacuated. The development and optimization of Aspen's low cost and durable hybrid aerogel/MLI insulation system will be immediately useful for a wide variety of cryogenic applications such as in-space cryogenic tanks, transfer (pipelines) of cryogens / propellants, Mars exploration, and near earth orbit spacecraft. This material will be an excellent substitute for the expensive and cumbersome MLI for cryogenic insulation in space applications as well as other applications where weight, durability and maintenance of a thermal insulation are important.