Hydrogen/Helium Separation - (SSC, KSC, MSFC) SSC has significant needs to separate and recover hydrogen and helium from its large rocket engine test stands. Hydrogen Separation for Resource Recovery ? SI is working with MSFC on a system that can separate and compress hydrogen from CO along with other reactive gases including methane, acetylene, ethane, and ethylene. This research project has shown that electrochemical hydrogen separation and compression is an enabling technology for the Carbon Dioxide Reduction System, facilitating closure of the oxygen loop in an Advanced Life Support System. Pressurization for Mechanical Actuation ? (JSC) The In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU), group at JSC is interested in the use of hydrogen as a working fluid for mechanical actuation. In this application, hydrogen would be compressed electrochemically, using the core architecture of the HRS. Reformate Separation ? (JSC, MSFC) There is a need to separate hydrogen from CO, CO2, and excess fuels in processes such as reformation of methane and other fuels. The HRS being developed here provides the necessary technology base to support efficient separation of these constituents.Fuel Cell Energy Storage ? (GRC, JSC, JPL) Hydrogen/oxygen fuel cell systems are being carefully examined by NASA as a means of providing efficient energy storage for many different NASA missions. Long-term missions are hampered by helium in hydrogen tanks. An HRS can alleviate this problem.
-Process Hydrogen Markets: Hydrogen used as process atmosphere in industries such as metal heat treatment, electronics and semiconductor manufacturing, float glass production, and electricity production (for electric generator cooling.) -Hydrogen Fueling Markets: Hydrogen used as fuel in a variety of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) (forklifts, scooters, passenger cars, ships, etc.), stationary power and research markets. -Hydrogen Tri-Generation: Separation of hydrogen from stationary fuel cell reformate, and compression for fueling (such as FCVs) applications. -Hydrogen Production: Captive production, merchant production and delivery, and distributed production of hydrogen from natural gas or methane via reformer, or via electrolysis. -Power-to-Gas Energy Storage: Energy storage in the form of hydrogen produced from excess renewable power and stored in the natural gas infrastructure. -Helium Production: Separation of hydrogen from mixed gas stream containing helium, hydrogen and other byproducts in the production of helium.