NASA has great interest in methods and approaches for intelligent monitoring of electric power and propulsion systems for hybrid and/or all-electric aircrafts. NASA is specifically interested in the areas of intelligent monitoring and battery life and health improvement methods for fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly aircrafts. This includes the development of battery management systems capable to significantly extend the life of batteries while at the same time ensuring safety and performance. We envision that the proposed system has many market applications in different industries such as space exploration, defense, and energy sectors. Other government agencies, including DOD, DOE, DOT, and commercial sectors will benefit from this technology. Additionally, battery technologies are constantly being sought for renewable systems, such as solar, wind, and hybrid and electric vehicles. Battery systems are also a critical component in Data Centers where intelligent and accurate monitoring of batteries is essential along with enhanced performance.