Large format VLWIR FPAs will be a valuable asset for a variety of Earth, planetary and astrophysics science experiments that require infrared imaging. The fabrication of large format VLWIR FPAs with high quantum efficiency, broad spectral response extending to 14 microns, and low noise will greatly increase the imaging capability of Discovery 13/14, New Frontiers 4, Europa Jupiter System, Mars 2018 and other space exploration missions. These detectors can also be used on Earth-based systems, such as in NASA?s Aqua satellite for meteorological infrared weather tracking of storm systems, the hyperspectral infrared imager (HYSPIRI), or the climate absolute radiance and refractivity observatory (CLARREO). Another potential application of the proposed technology is the Triangulation and LIDAR Automated Rendezvous and Docking (TriDAR) system that integrates a thermal imager used by NASA for real-time guidance during rendezvous and docking of the International Space Station.
Single detector and small arrays sensitive to VLWIR radiation have a wide range of commercial applications, such as spectrometry, thermometry, high‐end industrial manufacturing, and hotspot detection. Low cost arrays with lightweight characteristics will meet various requirements in meteorology, geophysics, geology, law enforcement, remote environmental sensing, search and rescue, and emergency response including firefighting. If operating temperatures can be enhanced, the product would also have applications in medical systems, commercial airlines, and ground transportation.