Thermal Stir Welding (TSW) advances the more conventional Friction Stir Welding (C-FSW) process by separating the primary process variables of metal stirring and forging from the control of the workpiece temperature. The independent heating is obtained by placing an induction coil in front of a specially modified tool to bring the workpiece to the appropriate joining temperature. However, studies to date on joining of high melting temperature materials, such as nickel (Ni) based superalloys have shown high forces between the tool and workpiece, which compromise tool life. In response to this, the NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed an advanced, subscale Ultrasonically Assisted (UA) TSW prototype. Incorporating UA into either the shoulder or pin during a FSW has shown a reduction in forces using lower melting temperature aluminum (Al) alloys. However, further work is needed to demonstrate the combined effect of UA with the TSW process for high melting temperature materials. In response to this need, Keystone is submitting this Phase I SBIR proposal to demonstrate the combined effects of UA with TSW on a Ni based superalloy of interest to the NASA.