The low cost aerogel insulation will be applicable and beneficial to industries ranging from aerospace to automotive, medicine, food processing, Chemical Processing and Appliances. Some specific applications are as follows: Medical: Energy efficient storage of cryogens for medical use is always of interest. Food Processing: In poultry and seafood processing, use of LN2 is quite common nowadays for quick freezing and preservation. Appliances: Refrigerators and freezers can use high performance aerogels insulation, either evacuated or unevacuated. The development and optimization of Aspen's low cost and durable aerogel insulation will be immediately useful for wide variety of cryogenic applications such as cryogenic tanks, transportation (pipelines) of cryogens and propellant, Mars exploration, near earth orbit spacecraft and also non-cryogenic applications such as high temperature insulation up to 500o
C. This material will be an excellent substitute for the expensive, heavy, and cumbersome vacuum jacketed MLI for cryogenic insulation onboard spacecraft as well as other applications where lightweight, durability and maintainability of insulation are important.