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Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Tech Transfer

Vacuum Plasma Spray Formed High Transition Temperature Shape Memory Alloys, Phase I

Completed Technology Project

Project Description

Vacuum Plasma Spray Formed High Transition Temperature Shape Memory Alloys, Phase I
Smart materials control of aero-surfaces based on shape memory alloys (SMA) is seeing increased use for improving of future subsonic fixed wing aircraft aero-surface controls. Such SMA actuators have the potential of lowering weight and increasing reliability through direct control. The binary NiTi system has been a preferred system but these alloys have austenite finish Af transition temperature in a reported range of 90 - 100C, which is too low for many applications. Therefore, there is strong interest in developing a class of ternary and/or quaternary alloys that incorporate Pd and/or other elemental additions. MRi is proposing to develop NiTiPd and NiTiPd+ X alloys that are capable of being directly formed via vacuum plasma spray (VPS) processing. These alloys have been shown to increase Af transformation temperature to over 350C, however, these alloys are also significantly less ductile and more prone to casting segregation. The proposed innovation has the potential to eliminate the typical cast/rolling/extrusion procedures typically used with NiTi alloys with a near-net vacuum plasma spray (VPS) forming process. If successful, the alloy and process development work to be conducted on the Phase I investigation would enable the VPS process to directly form shapes from NiTiPd-X alloys. The proposed Phase I research would be aimed at developing specific NiTiPd+X where X could be Hf, Zr and even B. The development work would focus on developing as deposited structures that would yield Af transition temperature from 130 - 300C. If successful, the development would enable the cost effective manufacture of higher temperature shape memory alloy actuators for use as remote actuation of aero-control surface and engine controls. More »

Anticipated Benefits

Primary U.S. Work Locations and Key Partners

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This is a historic project that was completed before the creation of TechPort on October 1, 2012. Available data has been included. This record may contain less data than currently active projects.