- An innovative, tailored material system for lightweight radiation shielding of humans. - An innovative, multifunctional, integrated, and multipurpose structure for lightweight radiation shielding of humans, structural components, and micrometeoroid protection. - An innovative approach for developing radiation shielding materials. These materials have potential applications in the following NASA systems: - Space structures - Orbiters - Landers - Rovers - Habitats - International Space Station (ISS) - Space Launch System (SLS) Program The proposed material systems also have aerospace applications where radiation shielding could be provided for selective areas of aircraft that fly at high altitudes. There has been reported concern of the long-term effect (many years of service) for pilots. Additional applications include equipment and structures where shielding against specific types of radiation are required. These include nuclear energy, nuclear propulsion, and medical equipment.