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Center Innovation Fund: AFRC CIF

Adaptive Augmenting Control and Launch Vehicle Adaptive Control Flight Experiments (LVAC)

Completed Technology Project

Project Introduction

Researchers at NASA Armstrong are working to further the development of an adaptive augmenting control algorithm (AAC). The AAC was developed to improve the performance and robustness of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) during extreme, unanticipated events well outside the rocket’s design envelope. The SLS is expected to produce more thrust and deliver more payload to orbit than any other launch vehicle, opening the way to new frontiers of space exploration. The AAC will use sensed data to autonomously adjust to unexpected conditions during flight to ensure that the SLS does not deviate from its trajectory or experience unstable propellant slosh or vehicle flexure.

A series of LVAC flight experiments conducted at Armstrong successfully increased the technology readiness level of an adaptive augmenting control (AAC) algorithm from 5 to 7. To validate the algorithm’s effectiveness, researchers installed the prototype AAC flight software into Armstrong's Full-Scale Advanced Systems Testbed (FAST), giving it full authority control over the aircraft’s aerodynamic effectors. Armstrong’s FAST aircraft then simulated multiple failure scenarios the SLS may experience as it makes its way from the launch pad to booster separation. These tests provided valuable data that both proved the AAC technology and will aid its future development.

Work to date: The LVAC experiment included six research flights in late 2013. The FAST aircraft flew trajectories similar to the ones the SLS will follow, and the system was evaluated in a variety of scenarios for up to 70 seconds at a time, matching the SLS dynamics for the majority of its flight from liftoff to solid rocket booster separation. A total of 104 test points were completed, covering 14 simulated failure scenarios and off-nominal events. The controller was evaluated with and without adaptive control for each test case to provide a basis for comparison. In the final flights, two experienced test pilots provided evaluations of interactions between the manual steering mode and the AAC for several of the test cases.

Looking ahead: The flight test data are being used to refine the AAC software and plans for future tests. The first flight of the SLS, with the AAC algorithm enabled, is scheduled for 2018.

NASA Partners: Marshall Space Flight Center, Engineering and Safety Center, and Space Technology Mission Directorate's Game Changing Development Program

Benefits:

  • Cost-effective: Enabled the AAC to be evaluated in-flight without having to be launched into space
  • Systematic: Allowed multiple, repeated tests with different configurations to compare and isolate characteristics of the design
  • Unique: Provided full-scale, high-performance piloted testbed with a proven research flight control system, extensive research instrumentation, data downlink for real-time experiment monitoring, and an experienced flight research team
  • Innovative: FAST test team proposed and supported additional AAC flight test objectives as the project progressed

Applications: The AAC algorithm has applications to civilian, fly-by-wire transports, and high-performance military aircraft. The techniques for conducting the LVAC experiment, and the metrics used in evaluating its results, are applicable to flight research into other adaptive control methods and autonomous systems.

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