NDE historically has focused technology development in propagating wave phenomena with little attention to the field of electrostatics and emanating electric fields. This work is intended to bring electrostatic imaging to the forefront of new inspection technologies, and new technologies in general. The specific goals are to specify the electric potential and electric field including the electric field spatial components emanating from, to, and throughout volumes containing objects or in free space.
Development of new inspection technology for quantitative evaluating integrity of wire insulation, structural components, dielectric properties, electrostatic charge (ESD), locating and characterizing hidden objects, remote monitoring and characterization of human electrochemical activities.
NDE historically has focused technology development in propagating wave phenomena, such as, X-ray, N-Ray, ultrasonic, microwave, thermal, terahertz, and eddy current with little attention to the field of electrostatics and emanating electric fields. This work is intended to bring electrostatic imaging to the forefront of new inspection technologies, and new technologies in general. The specific goals are to specify the electric potential and electric field including the electric field spatial components emanating from, to, and throughout volumes containing objects or in free space.
This work will be based on the original electric field sensor (e-Sensor) work disclosed by Generazio (2002). Current efforts have been focused on understanding the e-Sensor sensitivity and understanding the environment in which the e-Sensor is responding to.
NASA Programs, ESD mitigation programs, astronaut health monitoring, military, public transportation safety, medical community, and computer technology developers.
FY16: Design 2D e-Sensor array and establish calibration protocols
FY17: Test array for imaging electronic& structural components
FY18: Document capability of 2D array
Edward R. Generazio (Retired)
New contact: Eric Burke DPM, 757-864-7724, firstname.lastname@example.org
Generazio, E. R. ( November 19, 2013). Ephemeral Electric Potential and Electric Field Sensor; USTPO 61/906,068.
Generazio, E. R. (February 4, 2011). Electric Field Quantitative Measurement System and Method, USTPO 13/020,025 .
Generazio, E. R. (March 13, 2013). Quasi-Static Electric Field Generator, USTPO 13/800,379 .
* Electrostatic discharge (ESD) control requirements
* Electronic signature requirements, as received and damaged materials characterization requirements,
* Vehicle and component charging requirements
* Design and construction of unique electronic sensors
* Systems and human health monitoring in space.More »
|Organizations Performing Work||Role||Type||Location|
|Langley Research Center (LaRC)||Lead Organization||NASA Center||Hampton, VA|
|No commercial or educational partners.||Industry|
|Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA)||NASA Office|
Reported in SE&R Webinar: "Electric Potential and Electric Field Imaging", https://youtu.be/grkOT4P-m44
The technology and techniques for remote quantitative imaging of electrostatic potentials and electrostatic fields in and around objects and in free space was successfully investigated, resulting in new imaging technology. Electric field imaging (EFI) technology may be applied to characterize intrinsic or existing electric potentials and electric fields, or an externally generated electrostatic field made be used for volumes to be inspected with EFI. The baseline sensor technology (e-Sensor) and its construction, optional electric field generation (quasi-static generator), and current e- Sensor enhancements (ephemeral e-Sensor) are discussed. Critical design elements of current linear and real-time two-dimensional (2D) measurement systems are highlighted, and the development of a three dimensional (3D) EFI system is presented. Demonstrations for structural, electronic, human, and memory applications are shown. Recent work demonstrates that phonons may be used to create and annihilate electric dipoles within structures. Phonon induced dipoles are ephemeral and their polarization, strength, and location may be quantitatively characterized by EFI providing a new subsurface Phonon-EFI imaging technology. Results from real-time imaging of combustion and ion flow, and their measurement complications, will be discussed. Extensions to environment, Space and subterranean applications will be presented, and initial results for quantitative characterizing material properties are shown. A wearable EFI system has been developed by using fundamental EFI concepts. These new EFI capabilities are demonstrated to characterize electric charge distribution creating a new field of study embracing areas of interest including electrostatic discharge (ESD) mitigation, manufacturing quality control, crime scene forensics, design and materials selection for advanced sensors, combustion science, on-orbit space potential, container inspection, remote characterization of electronic circuits and level of activation, dielectric morphology of structures, tether integrity, organic molecular memory, atmospheric science, weather prediction, earth quake prediction, and medical diagnostic and treatment efficacy applications such as cardiac polarization wave propagation and electromyography imaging.More »