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Human Research Program

Lunar EVA Dosimetry: MIcroDosimeter iNstrument (MIDN) System Suitable for Space Flight

Completed Technology Project

Project Introduction

MIDN PROTOTYPE FLIGHT INSTRUMENT 1. Based on our experience with the MIDN development, we designed and developed an advanced version of the instrument. 2. A prototype was developed that although did not include all of the specifications was able to achieve with a 10 um thick sensor a dE/dx ~ 3 keV/um in silicon that is equivalent to a lineal energy of ~1 keV/um in tissue. BENCHTOP DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM 1. By designing and constructing a new Faraday cage that houses the sensor and preamplifier circuit, upgrading the signal transmission circuitry between the system and the data acquisition area, and designing a new data acquisition method, we were able to reduce the inherent noise level well below a keV/micron, allowing detection of the peak of the dose distributions for minimum ionizing protons, the most difficult particles to detect microdosimetrically. 2. In collaboration with the M. Sivertz and A. Rusek at BNL, we have developed a system that allows identification of incident particles, categorized them according to their mass-to-charge ratio and energy, and correlated them with individual events in the microdosimeter. Recall that our earlier work in this regard resulted in our identifying lighter ion contaminants in the beam and their contributions to the microdosimetric spectra, a fact that we subsequently learned was known to BNL personnel. 3. We measured the energy deposited in a microdosimeter with radiation beams of Carbon at 290 MeV/n and protons at 1 GeV/n, 600 MeV/n, 250 MeV/n, 100 MeV/n, and 50 MeV/n at the NSRL facility at the BNL and achieved a lower energy cutoff of < 1 keV/um in silicon equivalent to a lineal energy cutoff in tissue of < 0.3 keV/um. ADVANCED SENSOR DEVELOPMENT 1. We now have prototypes of a new design of a solid-state microdosimeter with three dimension micron sized sensitive volumes, addressing some of the shortcomings identified earlier. This sensor was developed at the Centre for Medical Research Physics, and a new grant (Australian Research Council Discovery Project) was recently received by our collaborator to further support this project. 2. We have established collaborations with the EE (electrical engineering) departments at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) to explore the potential of developing alternative silicon sensors. These new sensors will be developed as part of our follow-on grant from the NSBRI. 3. With minimal support, JHU was able to supply us with two dies that have a variety of diodes for preliminary testing. A test fixture was developed to carry out tests, and measurements of alpha particles were successfully conducted. RADIATION TRANSPORT CODES 1. We imported the radiation transport code GEANT4 and two corollary programs MULASSIS (multilayered shielding simulation software tool) and GEMAT. These Monte Carlo codes allow us to simulate the microdosimetry spectra in silicon devices. 2. We also have access to the MCNPX (Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended) radiation transport code.

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This is a historic project that was completed before the creation of TechPort on October 1, 2012. Available data has been included. This record may contain less data than currently active projects.

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