Potential NASA Commercial Applications: If a single basic transducer technology (such as FBGs) can be adapted to multiple sensory modalities, the problems of sensing, wiring, weight, size, instrumentation and signal processing will be reduced and system reliability will improve. Space exploration, including future missions to Mars, will greatly benefit from robotic sensing technologies. High-dexterity robots will enable remote operation in high risk or inaccessible areas, such as encountered in long space voyages and hazardous exploration. In other applications, human-safe manipulators will collaborate with operators and astronauts to enhance performance and to reduce fatigue. This project will assist NASA in its goal to achieve safe and responsive robotic manipulators designed to have the dexterity of a space-suited astronaut capable of operating tools and performing extra-vehicular activities (EVAs), particularly repairs, on spacecraft.