The proposed technology could be utilized in all battery applications. The advanced cathode structures would improve cell cycling performance extending the total energy available over a given mission lifetime. The initial market for the proposed technology is military aerospace applications where space is limited and battery energy density and cycle life is critical. In addition, the technology also would be well suited to powering microdevices, such as remote sensing devices, that would benefit from the increased runtimes and reduced battery size enabled by the increased battery energy density. The technology can be further extended to commercial devices such as hybrid and electric vehicles, cordless power tools, and portable communications such as cell phones and two-way radios.