High-temperature passive wireless surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors are highly desirable for improving safety and efficiency in aviation and space vehicles. This proposal addresses the growth and processing of a new class of high temperature material into acceptable SAW wafers, the production of SAW temperature sensors, and the integration of the SAW and thin film antenna (SAWtenna). The project will provide a new, unique material grown in the US (no other US manufacturer is known, produce high temperature, radiation hard, solid state, passive wireless sensors for use in harsh environments. In this project, we will: 1) Develop a crystal material for SAW wafers suitable for high-temperature SAW fabrication. 2) Design orthogonally frequency coded OFC (up to 1000 degrees C) SAW temperature sensors . 3) Integrate the SAW and antenna onto the wafer such that there are no external connections. In Phase I the capability for the production of LGT crystals was established and 2in diameter boules were grown. The crystals were processed into SAW wafers and confirmed to be of excellent quality, as evidenced from SAW parameters extraction. A thin film process using simple metallization demonstrated extended device operation at 700 oC and short-term operation at 800 oC. Phase I demonstrated the feasibility of high-temperature SAW devices, and a clear path in the Phase II effort for 1000 oC device operation. During Phase II, we will explore variations of the metallization and encapsulation, which will extend device life. SAW OFC high temperature sensors, operating in the 915 ISM band, will operate simultaneously over temperature and will be delivered to NASA. Phase II will develop a fully integrated sensor antenna and upscale the crystal growth for 3-4in SAW wafers. Probability for Phase III commercialization of both the wireless SAW sensors and SAW wafers is very high.More »
Wireless LGT SAW sensors and sensor systems capable of operation in harsh environments will be of immediate use to NASA. Among others, such high-temperature SAW sensors can be used for the detection of fuel leaks in engines, fire in its initial stages, fuel flow modulation and control for engine efficiency and enhanced maneuverability, monitoring and in-flight NDE, and diagnostics of vehicles. Overall they will greatly improve safety and efficiency in aviation and space vehicles.
Broader applications: SAW filters for cell phones; touch screen displays; RFIDs; microfluidic actuation (pumping, mixing, jetting); fixed delay lines for radar systems, oscillators, path lengths equalizers; SAW delay line tunable VHF/UHF oscillators for mobile radio; band pass filters in TV video game systems; linear and nonlinear frequency modulation chirp filters for radar; adaptive filters for spread-spectrum communications; acousto-optic spectrum analyzers; fixed frequency oscillators with high-short term stability; low-loss band pass filters applications; plate convolvers for fixed- and variable-code detection in radar, electronic counter-measures, air traffic control and handling systems; and many others.
|Organizations Performing Work
|Krystal Engineering LLC
|Langley Research Center (LaRC)