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Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Tech Transfer

A Multi-Depth Underwater Spectroradiometer for Validation of Remotely-Sensed Ocean Color and Estimation of Seawater Biogeochemical Properties, Phase II

Completed Technology Project

Project Introduction

A mobile-deployable, submersible multi-depth, simultaneous, spectro-radiometer system (AquaTree) was designed under phase-I, and key elements were tested in the ocean. Detailed modeling and design analysis were conducted to optimize the sensor system for the extremely wide dynamic range of the radiation field from above the surface down to 10 m below. Under Phase-II a full system will be assembled, including (i) two fiber fed spectrometers with TE cooled cameras to provide long integration time and broad dynamic range, (ii) fiber optics based radiance and irradiance collectors that feed into the spectrometers, (iii) the spectrometers housed in a watertight enclosure with multiple fiber and electrical feedthrough connectors. Control will be from a computer on board a ship located up to 300 m away to avoid shading. The system will be deployed at sea. Simultaneous validation will be conducted using other commercial radiation measuring devices and profilers, and water sampling and analysis; coordination with overhead assets (MERIS, MODIS) will provide additional measurements for complete validation of the AquaTree performance and closure for the radiative transfer modeling. The proposed work is synergistic and complementary to other oceanic research work at OKSI; including the AquaScanUVNIR-micro, an airborne hyperspectral scanner. Both the AquaScan and AquaTree cover the 350-1000 nm spectral range. The AquaScan will be flying in on manned platform and also on NASA UAV in support of ocean color, benthic diversity, biomass, and productivity of seagrass and coral reef biomes research. Another project is exploring a low-cost space access for a HyperScan-micro on board a CubeSat. Hyperspectral measurements over a long horizontal path are also conducted by OKSI to extract littoral aerosols properties. More »

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