Exposure to ionizing radiation can cause acute injury or sickness in humans under circumstances of very large doses and it presents the possibility of causing cancer in humans at low doses. The composition and intensity of radiations in space are significantly different from the types of radiation encountered near the surface of the earth. NASA has supported an extensive research initiative to understand the physical characteristic of radiations in space as well as biological effects that could challenge the performance of astronauts during the missions and the risks of late occurring effects after the mission. That research has enabled NASA to propose new models for assessing the radiological risk to astronauts. These new paradigms of risk assessment place demands on radiation monitoring procedures that are not satisfied by existing space dosimetry systems. This proposal aims to take the first steps in identifying instrumentation and data acquisition systems that can permit NASA to meet its objectives and responsibilities for radiation protection of astronauts in the future. The research team has unprecedented capabilities in computational methodologies, particle accelerator experiments, detector development and flight instrument operations. The proposed research is a cost effective method to screen ideas and technologies at the very early stages, TRL-1, before making recommendations for design, fabrication and testing of dosimeter prototypes at the TRL-2 level.