Many missions that are planned or currently in development require cooling below 35 K, and some to temperatures below 100 mK. Refrigerators (primarily pulse tube and Stirling) to ~35 K are readily available in the aerospace industry, but lower temperature stages are not. This technology will improve the performance of pulse tube cryocoolers operating at 10-20K. This a base temperature for some missions, and is a required intermediate temperature for lower temperature refrigerators.More »
|Organizations Performing Work||Role||Type||Location|
|Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)||Lead Organization||FFRDC/UARC||Pasadena, California|
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