Characterize the performance of a low-temperature plasma discharge for use as an ion source, an ablation tool, and a sterilization tool.
The ion source investigation consisted of coupling the low-temperature plasma discharge source to a mass spectrometer. The goal of this investigation is to provide insight into the ion yield and degree of fragmentation of the low-temperature plasma source relative to conventional electron-impact ion sources, as well as providing insight into technical requirements relating to gas usage, and vacuum requirements. Answering these questions will also address the larger question: is a plasma discharge ion source feasible for planetary exploration? The ablation study with the low-temperature plasma consisted of prolonged exposures of metal surfaces to the low-temperature plasma discharge and analyzing surface modifications with scanning electron microscopy. The intent of this study is to identify whether a plasma source can be used to ablate material from a surface and provide depth profiling of that surface when used in conjunction with a mass spectrometer. Sterilization of a surface with plasmas can proceed through passivation where contaminants are simply desorbed from the surface or through deactivation where biological contaminants on a surface are altered or destroyed following exposure to the plasma. This sterilization study with the low-temperature plasma probe focused on deactivation and involved exposure of Bacillus subtilis samples to the low-temperature plasma discharge to ascertain its effectiveness in deactivating these spores.More »
Plasma-based sampling systems offer three key advantages over other sampling systems: 1) they do not require sample preparation, 2) they can analyze in real-time, and 3) they do not rely on volatility - meaning they are capable of sampling solids, liquids or gases. The plasma system developed in this project was successfully interfaced to a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. The combined system was used to perform continuous sampling at atmospheric pressures.More »
|Organizations Performing Work||Role||Type||Location|
|Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)||Lead Organization||NASA Center||Pasadena, CA|
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