The proposed innovation can be leveraged by Ciespace to address commercial problems in a number of categories: ¬ï CFD analysis problems with high-flow conditions and defined flow feature orientations. ¬ï High-deformation problems in impact, crash, or thermal change. ¬ï Analysis of high stress or vibration across a model. ¬ï Electromagnetic analysis driven by varying field conditions across a surface or volume. These problem sets are applicable across a number of markets, including aerospace, automotive, electronics, and heavy equipment manufacturing, serving large-scale enterprises as well as mid-market parts suppliers. Inclusion of the innovation in the Ciespace integrated solution supports differentiation in the product through improved control over high aspect ratio meshes, as well as the ability to demonstrate tighter bi-directional integration with industry solver technologies addressing these problems, including: ¬ï CFD solvers, such as Fluent, FUN3D, and others ¬ï Injection molding simulation solutions, such as 3DTIMON, Moldflow, and Moldex3D ¬ï Crash simulation solutions, such as PAM-CRASH and LS-DYNA ¬ï Non-linear structural and mechanical simulation solutions, such as ABAQUS and ANSYS ¬ï Electromagnetic solvers, such as IBM EMSURF, JMAG, and Ansoft The Ciespace adaptive remeshing framework can be applied to the evaluation, design/redesign, and assessment of air- and spacecraft for current and future NASA missions. The current requirement is the use of a suitable CFD solver which can take mixed-element meshes as input for solution and provide metric output for adaptive refinement. The following represent example applications in three categories: 1. Evaluation ¬ñ Evaluating the initial design space for future missions by complementing experimental studies with simulation results. This can be applied to the modeling of air (terrestrial and otherwise) and space vehicles under various conditions. 2. Design/Redesign ¬ñ Making design decisions or modifications to existing designs based on predictive simulation and experimental validation of concepts. 3. Assessment ¬ñ Determining the flight-dynamics of current platforms (Constellation vehicles, the Mars ARES scout, and others). This may lead to redesign activities.