The proposed phosphide-based 4J solar cells are ideally suited for high efficiency multi-junction solar cell arrays for NASA applications requiring superior radiation tolerance, higher BOL and EOL efficiencies, lower areal mass density, higher specific power, or lower cost relative to incumbent Ge-based 3J space solar cells. Potential applications include solar electric propulsion programs and missions involving extreme radiation environments. Arrays based on the proposed solar cells will be suitable for NASA missions ranging from near-Earth to deep space. Lockheed Martin, Space Systems Loral, and Boeing have shown great interest in MicroLink?s work and in future applications of low mass, flexible photovoltaic module technologies that can support NASA's SEP program as a replacement for the solar cells in existing spacecraft.
Manufacturers of commercial satellites and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are interested in MicroLink's low mass and power dense ELO solar cell technology for the potential to reduce costs while improving the efficiency compared to commercially available Ge-based cells. Attractive military and civilian applications include the ability to recharge batteries in remote locations.