A low cost, radiation tolerant, high efficiency combined PMAD and battery module have several NASA applications. With these, NASA can perform low cost interplanetary exploration, coordinated observation, infrastructure, and shotgun exploration applications. NASA mission applications identified by ExoTerra include Interplanetary CubeSats "shotgun" exploration to candidate asteroids, or sending multiple, low cost, CubeSats to a celestial body simultaneously.
CubeSat's are becoming a more dominant presence in space due to their high capability in relation to their much lower cost of entry to space. There is a growing demand for low cost, well designed, radiation tolerant CubeSat components, as is evidenced by ExoTerra's recent designing of a new 1kW PMAD for Pumpkin, Inc. ExoTerra fills this void with the highly functional UPSMAD.