NASA's Earth Science infrastructure exists in a landscape of data systems that contain valuable remotely sensed analysis and modeled information. RSS, Inc. is part of a number of ongoing NASA projects in which satellite data and model simulations of flood event processes are converted into accessible user-friendly formats. This is in accordance with NASA's Applied Science Program to support its contributions to Action 2 of the National Plan for Civil Earth Observations to "Improve Data Access, Management, and Interoperability". In this proposal, RSS would augment current efforts by including the newly launched GPM and SMAP data layers from NASA data centers into the proposed decision support system, thereby enhancing ongoing NASA ROSES project deliverables that plan to make NASA MODIS and Landsat flood maps and global flood model simulations easily accessible through data distribution platforms, such as the Dartmouth Flood Observatory and Google's Earth Engine. Such data layers will provide a seamless overlay and create a multi-layer flood event hazard chain ranging from a flood driver layer (GPM) through flood onset layers (SMAP) to flood event hazard layers (from NRT MODIS combined with flood model maps) and flood predictions (UMD's Global Flood Monitoring System). This SBIR DSS project would also use mature technologies that leverage current NASA data system capabilities thereby increasing the efficiency for decision-makers and enabling new users to benefit from EO data.
Non-NASA applications are numerous. It is anticipated that the proposed DSS for flood disasters will be used by national and international agencies, development aid organizations, local and regional authorities as well as scientists and academics. To this end, we will work with a number of different decision-makers from the onset of Phase I. Most of the selected end-users (FEMA, USGS, NGA, DFO, UMD, StormCenter Communications Inc., CSR, JPL, World Bank, UN WFP, CEOS, LIST, LA DOT) were participants of the June Flood Response workshop (organized by PI Dr. Schumann). At the workshop, this new Community of Practice agreed to collaborate and support ongoing as well as newly proposed flood response activities and efforts such as the DSS proposed here. This "collective awareness" of needs, challenges and requirements will form the basis of the design, development and implementation of the proposed DSS. The team also expects this system to be used by scientists and academics active in flood science and hydrology in general. The proposed "one-stop-shop" for flood disaster response will ingest data from many non-NASA operational and research organizations such as USGS, NOAA, ECMWF, JRC and other space agencies, that are active in flood mapping, modeling and forecasting.