This instrument is directly designed to address the NASA Planetary Science Decadal Survey call for a Lunar Geophysical Network (LGN) mission. We are working with colleague Clive Neal, of University of Notre Dame, on the proposal of a LGN for the next available New Frontiers mission opportunity. Such a mission will need to by necessity of cost be incredibly miniaturized in both mass and power. We do not believe current seismological equipment can provide the low mass, high signal-to-noise, and low power required for such a mission. Our system can meet the needs of this mission and will automatically accompany the geothermal heat probe elements of the geophysical network, which already need to access the subsurface. A compact probe can be placed in the subsurface by proposed conventional auger drills (such as developed by partner Honeybee Robotics), which could enable global access to any solid surface solar system body (Mars,Europa, Titan...). On icy bodies, such as Europa, subsurface melting devices (cryobots) should carry a small seismic and heat flow package. Placed into the subsurface aboard a melting probe, our system would provide information on the thickness and internal structure of an icy crust while simultaneously providing a nearly isothermal environment with protection from surface radiation. Such an instrument could also be sent to the Polar ice caps of Mars, where our high-frequency strengths would provide incredible detail on internal layering.
Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Related Research and Research and Development.Advanced Seismic Instrumentation Research Company (ASIR) is the new realization of the PI?s long-term commitment to seismic instrumentation and installation-technology development. In its previous realization as SONDI and Consultants LLC, this commitment lead to the contract for the 78 borehole seismographs now in use in the US Plate Boundary Observatory and the special downhole systems that were deployed in the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthscope ). SONDI also constructed in 1991 and 2005 the seismic monitoring networks at the Coso and Puna Geothermal Fields, which are used for locating and controlling the locations and depth of returned geothermal waters (https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70026310 and http://www.geothermal-energy.org/pdf/IGAstandard/WGC/2010/1352.pdf ). In 2006 SONDI installed and operated the induced seismicity regulatory-monitoring network for the City of Basel's Hot-Dry-Rock geothermal test. ASIR?s leadership team includes electrical engineer Paul R. Passmore, former owner of Refraction Technologies Inc, which was purchased in 2013 by Trimble Navigation Systems, and mechanical engineer M. Kevin Passmore, an experienced hardware designer and fabricator. The ASIR team has interacted with Silicon Audio in its development of the SiA Ultra Low Noise sensor for the past 5 years.