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Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Tech Transfer

Advanced TCCS for Spacesuit Applications, Phase I

Completed Technology Project

Project Introduction

A recent trade study showed that active removal of ammonia (NH3) and formaldehyde (CH2O) is crticial to meeting the 24-hr SMAC limits in the advanced space suit designs (Jennings 2009). TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a new TCCS for the PLSS based on a combination of a regenerable NH3 sorbent and an ambient temperature catalyst that can oxidize formaldehyde into much more benign CO2 to control the concentration of these contaminants in the spacesuit ventilation loop. In Phase I, with the guidance of molecular modeling, we will synthesize several sorbents and evaluate their potential in reversible NH3 removal under representative conditions. We will also evaluate the efficacy of the ambient temperature oxidation catalyst for formaldehyde removal as well as for oxidation of other VOCs. We will demonstrate the regenerable sorbent's operation for a minimum of 5,000 adsorption/regeneration cycles and its catalytic activity for a minimum of 400 hrs (equivalent of 50 8hr EVAs). We will evaluate the impact of bed geometry and potential of using different integration options to the PLSS to ensure that the addition of these new materials will not impact the operation of the swing bed that removes carbon dioxide. We will carry out detailed design of the TCCS and determine its weight/volume to assess the logistics savings against the one-time use NH3/CH2O removal sorbents. More »

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