Applications include the characterization of particles in the Earth atmosphere as well as environmental sensing of planetary and lunar missions. Other NASA applications include characterizing liquid water content in icing facilities, and measuring fuel spray distributions associated with gas turbines and other propulsion systems.
Commercial applications include measuring bioaerosols (e.g. pollen, molds), characterizing droplet size and concentration in agricultural sprays, fire sprinklers, ink jet printers, diesel injectors, and numerous food processes. Military applications include vertical takeoff aircraft inlet protection and ground base vehicle dust detection (e.g., tanks).