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Planetary Science and Technology Through Analog Research

Technology under Moon and Mars Analog Missions Activities (MMAMA)

Active Technology Project

Project Introduction

Technology under Moon and Mars Analog Missions Activities (MMAMA)

NASA Analog Missions research addresses the need for integrated interdisciplinary field experiments as an integral part of preparation for planned human and robotic missions to asteroids, the Moon, and/or Mars. This program addresses NASA's planetary science goal to "ascertain the content, origin, and evolution of the solar system, and the potential for life elsewhere" by preparing us to maximize science in the human exploration of planetary bodies.

The focus of MMAMA is on providing high-fidelity scientific investigations, scientific input, and science operations constraints in the context of planetary field campaigns. Funding provided in this program element is intended to enable researchers to conduct scientific investigations and integrate their instruments, projects, and/or protocols into field activities designed to help NASA plan for future exploration of the Moon, Mars, and other planetary bodies with both robots and humans. The MMAMA R&A Lead estimates that approximately two-thirds of the effort funded through MMAMA is technology-related. Through this research program element, investigators are selected to carry out specific scientific research analogous to investigations anticipated for missions to asteroids, the Moon, and/or Mars. Areas of specific interest to the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) include, but are not limited to: 1. Understanding and optimizing human and robotic performance to maximize scientific return; 2. Defining science requirements for human missions, including requirements for mobility, navigation, communications, in situ analysis, surface laboratory functionality, crew scheduling, and sample acquisition, handling, documentation, and curation; 3. Developing surface science scenarios for use in architecture planning and science payload manifesting; and 4. Illuminating areas of critical importance for robotic precursor missions, including robotic operations of/with human-oriented systems during periods when humans may not yet be present. 5. Field testing of robotic, teleoperated, and human-operated instruments. Although this is primarily a Planetary Sciences call, proposals in other areas of SMD research such as Heliophysics, Astrophysics, and Earth Science are considered, to the extent that they reflect NASA's strategic scientific goals at asteroids, the Moon, and/or Mars.

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