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Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Tech Transfer

Enhanced Codeset Passive Wireless SAW Sensor-Tags and System, Phase I

Completed Technology Project

Project Introduction

Enhanced Codeset Passive Wireless SAW Sensor-Tags and System, Phase I
The proposed project will develop a set of at least 100 passive wireless surface acoustic wave (SAW) RFID sensor-tags for near-simultaneous remote monitoring of groups of conventional sensors. Coded SAW sensor-tags have been demonstrated by ASR&D under NNX09CE49P to be capable of providing a passive wireless interface to external sensors, including switches, thermistors, and strain gages, as well as external sensors that generate voltages. These sensor-tags consist of a SAW device with an antenna attached to one port and sensor(s) and reference impedance(s) connected to the other ports. RF signals of the correct frequency range are reflected off of the surface wave device, and their reflection characteristics are modified by changes in the impedance/voltage of the attached sensor(s). Under NNX10RA68P a set of 32 individually identifiable coded SAW temperature sensor devices that avoids the serious problems with code collision seen in conventional SAW RFID systems was developed using CDMA and TDMA. Wireless measurement confirmed the ability to selectively detect any single sensor out of the combined response of multiple sensors. The proposed effort will incorporate direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) codes into SAW tag devices also using time diversity, to produce sets of more than 100 individually identifiable coded sensor-tags. DSSS coding has been demonstrated by researchers at the University of Maine to produce sets codes with good auto- and cross-correlation properties. These sensor-tags will be tested to verify that they can be used as an interface to external pressure sensors and strain gages. This project will also evaluate the wireless reader system architectures commercially available and currently being developed at ASR&D and at other research institutions to determine what system architecture is most beneficial for operation with the codesets developed. This will form the basis of recommendations for future system development work. More »

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This is a historic project that was completed before the creation of TechPort on October 1, 2012. Available data has been included. This record may contain less data than currently active projects.